Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Sacraments Study Guide free essay sample

Terms Sacrament : outward sign instituted by Christ to give grace Efficacious : capable of producing a desired effect sacramental economy : dispensation of the fruits of the Paschal Mystery entrusted to the Church until Christ comes again Incarnation : God becoming human Liturgy : official public worship of the Church Hypostatic Union : doctrine of faith that recognizes two natures of Jesus, human and divine Evangelists : writers of the four gospels Jesus : Hebrew name that means God saves. Christ : Hebrew name meaning Anointed One. Messiah : long prophesied Savior that God would send to save people from their sins primordial sacrament : reference to Jesus as prime sacrament. Marks of the Church : One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic Communion of Saints : all believers on earth, in Heaven, and in Purgatory human solidarity : virtue of social charity and friendship whereby we recognize our interdependence social justice : form of justice that treats all people fairly and equally according to their due charism : a God-given talent, skill, gift, or ability that is given to each person for the good of everyone in the Church sacramental grace : participation in the life and love of the Trinity that comes to us through the sacraments theological virtues : faith, hope, and love  laity : all Baptized members of the Church who are not ordained Pentecost : Greek word meaning fiftieth day known as birthday of the Church Paraclete : name for Holy Spirit that means advocate, defender, or consoler Apostolic Succession : unbroken chain of authority in the Church Transubstantiation : the bread and wine truly become the Body and Blood of Christ Ministerial Priesthood : priesthood of Christ received in the sacrament of Holy Orde rs Common Priesthood : priesthood of the faithful shared by those baptized and confirmed sacramental character : an indelible spiritual mark which is a permanent effect of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders Evangelize : to bring the Good News of Christ to others Sacred Tradition : the living transmission of the Churchs gospel message handed on by the Magisterium Holy Trinity : central mystery of the Christian faith that there are three Divine persons, Father, Son and Spirit Liturgy of the Word : part of the Mass that includes the Readings, homily, profession of faith, and intercessions Homily : reflection given by priest or deacon that reflects on the Scripture readings and applies them to life today Icons : religious paintings or images Sabbath : day of rest Saturday for Jewish faith; Sunday for Christians Holy Day of Obligation : a day when Catholics are obliged to attend Mass Church Year : organization of the major events in Jesus life around the seasons of Advent, Christmas, Ordinary Time, Lent, and Easter Transfiguration : Jesus revealed himself as God to Peter, James, and John Easter Triduum : three-day liturgy that celebrates the Paschal Mystery Mystagogia : period following the Baptism of adults at the Easter Vigil Neophytes : those newly received into the Church Liturgy of the Hours : public prayer of the Church that makes holy the whole day and night Basilica : long narrow church building based on Roman architecture Humility : virtue by which Christians acknowledge that God is the author of all that is good Lectio Divina : prayerful way to read the Bible or other sacred reading Eschatalogical : a term to describe the last things, death, heaven, hell, purgatory, the Second Coming of Christ, and the resurrection of the body Matter of Sacrament : physical elements of a sacrament Form of Sacrament : traditional words said for each sacrament Blessings : Divine life-giving actions that originate with the Father Real Presence : doctrine that Jesus is truly present in his Body and Blood under the form of bread and wine Redemption : recovering ownership or setting free; a ransoming Anamnesis : remembering the faith Epiclesis : calling on the Holy Spirit to change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood Tent : what the Tabernacle is modeled after Fruits of the Spirit : love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control Signs : Sacraments as perceptible to human nature lex orandi, lex credendi : the law of praying is the law of believing catechumens : unbaptized people who are preparing to enter the Church Pompa diaboli : series of questions that Christians reject about Satan catechumenate : Greek word that means study or instruction RCIA : Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults Parts of Christian Initiation : Precatechumenate, Catechumenate, Enlightenment, Mystagogia Neophyte : name for a new member of the Church catechists : one who teaches the faith scrutinies : prayer services in which the church prays for the elect baptistery : a separately planned structure around the Baptism font Sacred Chrism : oil blessed by the bishop that is used to anoint in baptism, confirmation, and holy orders Oil of Catechumens : oil that is used to anoint catechumens to give them wisdom and strength in their journe toward baptism Precepts of the Church : Basic rules that bind catholics who belong to Christs body faith : theological virtue by which we believe in God  hope : theological virtue by which we desire happiness and the Kingdom of God Charity : the greatest of all the virtues; it perfects our ability to love others sacramental : a sacred sign that resemble the sacraments Advocate : a name for the Holy Spirit laying on of hands : a gesture that is an essential element of confirmation confirmand : a candidate for confirmation Chrism Mass : Mass at which the oils for the diocese are blessed and distributed by the bishop balsam : mixed with olive oil to make chrism oil cathedra : bishops chair Gifts of the Spirit : wisdom, knowledge, understanding, right judgment, reverence, wonder and awe, courgage fruits of the Holy Spirit : perfections that result from living in union with the Holy Spirit Eucharist : thanksgiving invocation : a call or supplication for Gods help  introit : part of psalm that is sung when the priest enters the church collect : opening prayer of the Mass Nicene Creed : formal profession of faith recited at Mass moto propio : signifies words in a document that were decided by the pope himself penetential rite : priest invites people to repent of their sins confiteor : I confess Responsorial Psalm : psalm sung or recited after the first reading at Mass Epiclesis : calling on the Holy Spirit to change the bread and wine to the Body and Blood of Christ words of Institution : words said by Jesus over the bread and wine at the Last Supper, which are repeated by the priest to change the bread and wine doxology : prayer of praise to the Trinity.

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